Confederate Pensacola

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The Confederate presence in Pensacola during the Civil War began in January 1861 and ended in May 1862.

During the war[edit]

Main article: Civil War

On January 10, Florida became the third state to secede from the Union. On January 12, state troops seized the Navy Yard and Forts Barrancas and McRee. (Fort Pickens would remain under Union control for the duration of the war.)

Confederate General Braxton Bragg arrived in Pensacola on March 11, 1861, and took command of the troops there. He declared martial law in the city on April 19.

On October 8, Confederate forces launched an unsuccessful offensive to capture Fort Pickens. Bragg's "Army of Pensacola" was organized on October 22. They would trade artillery exchanges with the Union-held Pickens several times in late 1861 and early 1862.

By March 1862, most of the Army of Pensacola's troops were absorbed into the Army of the Mississippi or transferred elsewhere. The last Confederate forces left on May 9, and Mayor John Brosnaham surrendered Pensacola to Union troops on May 10.

Confederate veterans[edit]

A number of Confederate soldiers and leaders returned to Pensacola after the war, including a number of prominent citizens:

Confederate memorial[edit]

Main article: Lee Square

Confederate sympathies remained strong in Pensacola following the war. Beginning in 1881, Pensacolian Edward Aylesworth Perry led a campaign to erect a state Confederate memorial in Tallahassee and began seeking donations. After his death, William Dudley Chipley moved the location of the memorial to Pensacola, where most of the donations had originated. It was built in Lee Square atop Gage Hill, opening in 1891, and was for many decades thereafter the site of annual Decoration Day celebrations.

The Confederate flag remains a part of Pensacola's "five flags" displays.