Portal:History

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The History Portal

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Welcome to the History Portal. Here you will find links to the categories and articles that explore Pensacola's rich history.

Pensacola is known as America's First Settlement for an ephemeral colony led by Tristán de Luna y Arellano in 1559, which was wiped out by a hurricane. Previous Native American inhabitants date back to the Deptford civilization of around 50 BCE. Pensacola was resettled in 1698 and at various times has been under the possession of Spain, France, Britain, the Confederacy and the United States, earning the nickname the City of Five Flags.

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Selected article

The Queen's Redoubt detonates

The Siege of Pensacola (also called the Battle of Pensacola) marked the culmination of Spain's conquest of Florida from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War in 1781. Spanish troops under Bernardo de Gálvez began an amphibious assault on the city in March 1781, steadily advancing towards Fort George on Gage Hill. On the morning of May 8, artillery fire sparked a fire within the Queen's Redoubt that detonated the powder magazine, allowing Spanish troops to capture the redoubt. British Governor Peter Chester and Major General John Campbell surrendered Fort George and Pensacola shortly thereafter.

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Selected picture

Overview of the Wellge map

The Wellge map is an aerial rendering of Pensacola created in 1885 by Henry Wellge. The extremely detailed lithograph is a bird's eye perspective of downtown Pensacola, then a bustling port city.

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Selected biography

Elias Durnford

Elias Durnford (1739-1794) was a British military officer and civil engineer who is best known, in regard to Pensacola history, for surveying the town and laying out a city plan around two public squares (now Plaza Ferdinand VII and Seville Square). Durnford laid out the plan in 1764, shortly after the British took control of West Florida. He was also commanding British officer Fort Charlotte in Mobile when it surrendered to Gálvez on March 13, 1780.

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