Queen's Redoubt

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Queen's Redoubt
Gage Hill
Built 1779
Builder General John Campbell
Construction materials Timber logs, sand, earth
In use 1779-1821
Controlled by Britain
Armament Five cannons (originally four)
Garrison 1100 men between three Gage Hill forts
Battles Siege of Pensacola
Present status No longer extant

The Queen's Redoubt was a British fortification located on Gage Hill that served as one of two advanced redoubts to Fort George. (The Prince of Wales Redoubt was the other.) It was located about 600 yards north of Fort George, near the modern-day intersection of Spring and Brainerd Streets, and consisted of a parapet surrounded by a protective ditch. The side facing Fort George was stockaded.

File:Spanish troops at Pensacola.jpg
Spanish grenadiers and Havana militia pour into the breached British redoubt

The redoubt played an integral role in the 1781 Siege of Pensacola, allowing Spanish forces under Bernardo de Gálvez capture the city. On May 8, at around 9:30 a.m., a Spanish artillery round landed near the door of the redoubt's powder magazine, detonating it. The resulting explosion killed 76 British troops and wounded two dozen more. Spanish troops occupied the shell of the fortification and installed a new battery bearing down on the nearby Prince of Wales Redoubt and Fort George. Facing a siege force at such close proximity, Peter Chester and John Campbell requested terms of surrender at 3:00 p.m. that day.

The Spanish renamed the redoubt Fort San Bernardo and maintained it throughout their occupation of Pensacola until 1821. The United States government allowed the fort to deteriorate, and nothing now remains of it.

References[edit]

  • James C. and Irene S. Coleman. Guardians on the Gulf: Pensacola Fortifications, 1698-1980. Pensacola Historical Society, 1982.