Alexander McGillivray

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Alexander McGillivray rose to prominence as a Creek leader, between 1783 and his death in 1793, McGillivray worked toward a Creek national council to speak in one voice for the many towns that previously had multiple and often opposing views. McGillivray could write and speak English. His father was a Scot who insisted on formal schooling. McGillivray's skills as a negotiator earned him high status among the Creeks. As a Partner in earnings if not by law, with William Panton, McGillivray enjoyed economic advantage, acquiring great wealth for himself, his partner Panton, and his relatives.

Adapted from Gregory A. Waselkov. A Conquering Spirit. 2006 University of Alabama Press